Wild Product Governance Project



Wild, semi-domesticated, and managed products - also known as non-timber forest products (NTFPs) - are used as medicines, foods, spices, and a multitude of other purposes. They are integral to traditional resource management systems and rural livelihoods, generate revenue for companies and governments, and have a range of impacts on biodiversity conservation. However, throughout the world, NTFPs have been both overlooked and poorly regulated by governments. Inappropriate policies have not only led to over-exploitation but have also generated new forms of inequity. The Wild Product Governance project works to create more effective NTFP governance by: bringing the views and experiences of producers, harvesters, traders and others to policy makers; undertaking research that fills gaps and promotes greater understanding; developing policy briefs, manuals, articles and other publications for a range of audiences; and actively working with governments to improve and develop policies.


Wild Product Goverance Publications


Wild Product Governance: Finding policies that work for non-timber forest products. 

Sarah A. Laird, Rebecca J. McLain and Rachel P. Wynberg. 2010. Earthscan, London.

Wild Product Governance was published as part of the People and Plants International Conservation Series. It results from a collaboration between PPI, the United Nations University, CIFOR, the Institute for Culture and Ecology, and the University of Cape Town. The book reviews experiences with NTFP law and policy, provides information to support new policy approaches, and examines the broader governance issues associated with these products. It includes cases from around the world, a review of literature and resources, and an annotated bibliography linked to the People and Plants International website. Chapters from countries and regions include: Bolivia, Brazil, Cameroon, Canada, China, Fiji, Finland, India, Mexico, The Philippines, Southern Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Purchase a copy of the book here.


Wild Product Governance Policy Brief

Sarah A. Laird, Rachel P. Wynberg, Rebecca J. McLain.

To complement and supplement the book and ensure wider outreach, a policy brief was produced for distribution at national and international policy processes, including the Convention on Biological Diversity, the World Forestry Congress, and the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. Download PDF English.





Selected Articles:

Shanley, P., A.R. Pierce, S.A. Laird, C. Lopez Binnquist, and M.R. Guariguata. 2016. From Lifelines to Livelihoods: Non-Timber Forest Products into the Twenty-First Century. In: Pancel, L. and Kohl, M. (eds). Tropical Forestry Handbook. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, pp 2713-2760.

Wynberg, R.P., S.A. Laird, J. van Niekerk, W. Kozanayi. 2015. Formalization of the Natural Product Trade in Southern Africa: Unintended Consequences and Policy Blurring in Biotrade and Bioprospecting. Society and Natural Resources 28(5): 559-574.

Laird, S.A., Wynberg, R.P., and McLain, R.J. 2014. Governance of NTFPs: Ensuring effective laws and policies in practice. NWFP Update. FAO. www.fao.org/forestry/nwfp/85685.

Laird, SA, Wynberg, R and McLain, R. 2011. Chapter 11: Regulating complexity: the governance of non-timber forest products. In: Shackleton, S, Shackleton, C, and Shanley, P (editors). Non-timber forest products in the global context. Springer-Verlag, Amsterdam. Download PDF.

Laird, S.A., V. Ingram, A. Awono, O. Ndoye, T. Sunderland, E. Lisinge Fotabong, R. Nkuinkeu. 2010. Integrating customary and statutory systems: the struggle to develop a legal and policy framework for NTFPs in Cameroon. In: Laird, S.A., McLain, R., and Wynberg, R. (editors). 2010 Wild Product Governance: Finding Policies that Work for Non-timber Forest Products. Earthscan, London, pp. 53-70.

Shanley, P., A. Pierce, S. Laird and D. Robinson. 2008. Beyond Timber: Certification and Management of Non-Timber Forest Products. Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia, 144pp. Download PDF English, Spanish, Portuguese.

Wynberg, R. and S. A. Laird. 2007. Less is often more: governance of a non-timber forest product, marula (Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra) in southern Africa. International Forestry Review 9(1):475-90. Download PDF.