Sarah Laird

Publications

 

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sarah_Laird/

Laird, S.A. and Wynberg, R.P. 2016. Locating Responsible Research and Innovation Within Access and Benefit Sharing Space of the Convention on Biological Diversity: the Challenge of Emerging Technologies. NanoEthics: Studies of New and Emerging Technologies 10(2), June 2016.

Shanley, P., A.R. Pierce, S.A. Laird, C. Lopez Binnquist, and M.R. Guariguata. 2016. From Lifelines to Livelihoods: Non-Timber Forest Products into the Twenty-First Century. In: Pancel, L. and Kohl, M. (eds). Tropical Forestry Handbook. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2713-2760.

Wynberg, R.P., S.A. Laird, J. van Niekerk, W. Kozanayi. 2015. Formalization of the Natural Product Trade in Southern Africa: Unintended Consequences and Policy Blurring in Biotrade and Bioprospecting. Society and Natural Resources 28(5): 559-574.

Laird, S.A. 2015. Access and Benefit-Sharing: Key Points for Policy-Makers, The Pharmaceutical Industry. The ABS Capacity Development Initiative, GIZ; University of Cape Town; and People and Plants International, November 2015. Download PDF.

Laird, S.A. 2015. Access and Benefit-Sharing: Key Points for Policy-Makers, Industrial Biotechnology. The ABS Capacity Development Initiative, GIZ; University of Cape Town; and People and Plants International, November 2015. Download PDF.

Laird, S.A. and Wynberg, R.P. 2015. Access and Benefit-Sharing: Key Points for Policy-Makers, Botanicals. The ABS Capacity Development Initiative, GIZ; University of Cape Town; and People and Plants International, November 2015. Download PDF

 Wynberg, R.P. and Laird, S.A. 2015. Access and Benefit-Sharing: Key Points for Policy-Makers, Cosmetics. The ABS Capacity Development Initiative, GIZ; University of Cape Town; and People and Plants International, November 2015. Download PDF.  

Barr, C., K.D. Barney, and S.A. Laird. 2014. Governance Failures and the Fragmentation of Tropical Forests. In. C.J. Kettle and Koh, L.P. (eds.). Global Forest Fragmentation, CAB International. 

Wynberg, R.P. and Laird, S.A. 2014. Access and Benefit Sharing for Baobab Fruit, Oil and By-products in South Africa. A Briefing Document. PhytoTrade Africa.

Laird, S.A., R.P.Wynberg & R.J. McLain. 2014. Governance of NTFPs: ensuring effective laws and policies in practice. FAO Newsletter on Non-Wood Forest Products. Download PDF.

Laird, S.A. and R.P. Wynberg. 2013. Bioscience at a Crossroads: Access and Benefit Sharing in a Time of Scientific, Technological and Industry Change. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity. https://www.cbd.int/abs/policy-brief/default.shtml/

Implementing the Nagoya Protocol. Policy brief and fact sheet

The Pharmaceutical Industry.  Policy brief and fact sheet

The Botanicals Industry. Policy brief and fact sheet

Industrial Biotechnology. Policy brief and fact sheet

The Cosmetics Industry. Policy brief and fact sheet

Alexiades, M.N., C.M. Peters, S.A. Laird, C. Lopez Binnquist, and P. Negreros Castillo. 2013. The Missing Skill Set in Community Management of Tropical Forests. Conservation Biology, vol 27 (34), pp. 635-637. Download PDF.

Laird, S. and R. Wynberg. 2012. Bioscience at a Crossroads: Implementing the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-Sharing in a Time of Scientific, Technological and Industry Change. The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Download PDF.

Alexiades, M.N. and S.A. Laird. 2012. Conservation and the sense of belonging in nature: a reflection on the proper place of humans in nature. Overview and proceedings from panel, 13th Congress of the International Society of Ethnobiology, Montpellier, France, May 2012.

Wynberg, R. and S. Laird. 2012. Governance of biological and genetic resources. In: Moving Forward With Forest Governance. ETFRN News, Issue No 53, April 2012, pp 46-52. Download PDF.

Peters, C.M., M. Alexiades, and S.A. Laird. 2012. Train local experts to help conserve forests. Correspondence, Nature, Vol. 481, p. 443. Download PDF.

Laird, S. and R. Wynberg. 2012. Diversity and change in the commercial use of genetic resources: Implications for access and benefit-sharing policy. Special Issue: Socio-economics and management of Bioprospecting, International Journal of Ecological Economics and Statistics, Vol 26 (3). Download PDF.

Laird, SA et al. 2011. The interweave of people and place: biocultural diversity in migrant and indigenous livelihoods around Mount Cameroon. International Forestry Review 13(3): 275-293. Download PDF.

Laird, SA, Wynberg, R and McLain, R. 2011. Chapter 11: Regulating complexity: the governance of non-timber forest products. In: Shackleton, S, Shackleton, C, and Shanley, P (editors). Non-timber forest products in the global context. Springer-Verlag, Amsterdam. Download PDF.

Laird, S.A., McLain, R., and Wynberg, R. (editors). 2010. Wild Product Governance: Finding Policies that Work for Non-timber Forest Products. Earthscan, London, 393 pp.

Laird, S.A., R.P. Wynberg, and R.J. McLain. 2010. The State of NTFP Policy and Law. In: Laird, S.A., McLain, R., and Wynberg, R. (editors). 2010 Wild Product Governance: Finding Policies that Work for Non-timber Forest Products. Earthscan, London.

Laird, S.A., V. Ingram, A. Awono, O. Ndoye, T. Sunderland, E. Lisinge Fotabong, R. Nkuinkeu. 2010. Integrating customary and statutory systems: the struggle to develop a legal and policy framework for NTFPs in Cameroon. In: Laird, S.A., McLain, R., and Wynberg, R. (editors). 2010 Wild Product Governance: Finding Policies that Work for Non-timber Forest Products. Earthscan, London, pp. 53-70.

Bannister, K., Laird, S., and M. Solomon, 2010. "Fostering 'Mindfulness' in Traditional Knowledge Research: The Code of Ethics of the International Society of Ethnobiology" In S.M. Subramian and B. Pisupati (eds.) Traditional Knowledge in Policy and Practice: Approaches to Development and Human Well-being. United Nations University Press, pp. 121-9.

Laird, S.A., R. Wynberg and R. McLain. 2009. Wild Product Governance: laws and policies for sustainable and equitable non-timber forest product use. A policy brief produced by United Nations University, the Center for International Forestry Research, People and Plants International, the Institute for Culture and Ecology, and the University of Cape Town, October 2009. Download PDF.

Wynberg, R. and Laird, S.A. 2009. Chapter 5: Bioprospecting, Access and Benefit-Sharing: Revisiting the “Grand Bargain”. In: Wynberg, R., Chennells, R., and Schroeder, D. (editors). Indigenous Peoples, Consent and Benefit-sharing. Learning from the San-Hoodia Case. Springer, Berlin.

Shackleton, S., Shackleton, C., Wynberg, R., Sullivan, C., Leakey, R., Mander, M., McHardy, T., den Adel, S., Botelle, A., du Plessis, P., Lombard, C., Laird, S.A., Cunningham, T., and O’Regan, D. 2009. Livelihood trade-offs in the commercialisation of multiple-use NTFPs: lessons from marula  (Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra) in southern Africa. In: Non-timber forest products in India, ATREE Press.

Laird, S.A., C. Monagle and S. Johnston. 2008. Queensland Biodiscovery Collaboration: The Griffith University AstraZeneca Partnership for Natural Products Discovery; an Access and Benefit Sharing Case Study. United Nations University and the Australian Government. UNU-IAS, Yokohama, Japan. Download PDF.

Laird, S.A. and Wynberg, R. 2008. Access and benefit sharing in practice: trends in partnerships across sectors, Volumes I, II and III. CBD Technical Series 38, Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal. Download PDF.

Shanley, P., A. Pierce, S. Laird and D. Robinson. 2008. Beyond Timber: Certification and Management of Non-Timber Forest Products. Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia, 144pp.

Cunningham, A. B., P. Shanley and S. Laird. 2008. Health, Habitats and Medicinal Plant Use. In: Carol J. Pierce Colfer (editor), Human Health and Forests: a global overview of issues, practice and policy. Earthscan, London, pp 35-62. Download PDF.

Laird, S.A. and Wynberg, R. 2008. Bioprospecting: securing a piece of the pie. World Conservation, January 2008, 28-29. Download PDF.

Laird, S.A., G.L. Awung, and R.J. Lysinge. 2007. Cocoa farms in the Mt. Cameroon region: biological and cultural diversity in local livelihoods. Biodiversity Conservation 16:2401-2427. Download PDF.

Wynberg, R.P. and Laird, S.A. 2007. Bioprospecting: Tracking the Policy Debate, Environment  49 (10) (December 2007): 20-32. Download PDF.

Wynberg, R.P. and Laird, S.A 2007. Less is often more: governance of a non-timber forest product, marula (Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra) in southern Africa. International Forestry Review 9(1): 475-490. Download PDF.

Wynberg, R., Taylor, M., and Laird, S.A. 2007. Access and Benefit Sharing in South Africa: An Analysis of Legal Frameworks and Agreements. Environmental Evaluation Unit, University of Cape Town, in collaboration with Cheadle, Thomson & Haysom and People and Plants International. Prepared for the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism on behalf of the Southern African Development Community Biodiversity Support Programme. June, 2007, Report no: 1/07/274.

Laird, S.A., Johnston, S. and Wynberg, R. 2007. An international dialogue for informing access and benefit sharing. Business 2010 Newsletter 2(5).

Laird, S. A. and R. Wynberg. 2006. The Commercial Use of Biodiversity: An Update on Current Trends in Demand for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing, and Industry Perspectives on ABS Policy and Implementation. UNEP/CBD/WG-ABS/4/INF/5. The Secretariat for the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, Canada.

Laird, S.A., R. Wynberg and S. Johnston. 2006. Recent Trends in Biological Prospecting. Paper presented by UNEP to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting XXIX, 2006.

Shanley, Patricia, Alan Pierce, and Sarah Laird. 2005. Beyond Timber: Certification of Non-Timber Forest Products. Forest Trends, Washington DC.  Reprinted as: Shanley, Patricia, Alan Pierce and Sarah Laird. 2006. Alem da Madeira: certificao de produtos florestais nao-madeireiros. Centro de Pesquisa Florestal Internacional (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia. 153 pp.

Laird, Sarah A. 2005. Medicinal Plants in International Trade: Conservation and Equity Issues. In: Ethnopharmacology, Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), developed under the auspices of the UNESCO, EOLSS Publishers, Oxford, UK. www.eolss.net. 13 pp.

Laird, S.A., A.R. Pierce, and S.F. Schmitt. 2005. Sustainable Raw Materials in the Botanicals Industry: Constraints and Opportunities. In: Proceedings WOCAMP III, Vol. 2: Conservation, Cultivation, and Sustainable Use of MAPS. Eds. A Jatisatienr, T Paratasilpin, S Elliott, V Anusarnsunthorn, D Wedge, LE Craker and ZE Gardner. Acta Hort. 676, ISHS 2005. pp 111-117.

ten Kate, K and Sarah A Laird. 2004. Bioprospecting Agreements and Benefit Sharing with Local Communities. in: JM Finger and P. Schuler (eds.), Poor People’s Knowledge: Promoting Intellectual Property in Developing Countries. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/ The World Bank, Washington DC. pp. 133-158.

Shanley, Patricia and Sarah A. Laird. 2004. Giving back: making research results relevant to local groups and conservation. APA News: Asia-Pacific Agroforestry Newsletter No. 24, July 2004, The Philippines. pp. 13-16.

Laird, Sarah A. and Rachel Wynberg. 2003. Biodiversity prospecting & access and benefit-sharing: An introductory primer. IUCN Pretoria, South Africa. 40 pp.

Pierce, A.R. and S.A. Laird. 2003. In search of comprehensive standards for non-timber forest products in the botanicals trade. International Forestry Review 5(2). pp 138-147.

Laird, Sarah, Sam Johnston, Rachel Wynberg, Estherine Lisinge, and Dagmar Lohan. 2003. Biodiversity Access and Benefit-Sharing Policies for Protected Areas: An Introduction. United Nations University/Institute of Advanced Studies Report. UNU/IAS, Yokohama. 37 pp.

Laird, S.A. and K. ten Kate. 2003. Forest Biodiversity Prospecting. In: J. Burley, J. Evans and JA Youngquist (eds.),  Encyclopedia of Forest Sciences. Elsevier, Oxford UK. pp.538-541.

Wynberg, R.P., S.A. Laird, S. Shackleton, M. Maunder, C. Shackleton, P. DuPlessis, S. Den Adel, R.R.B. Leakey, A. Botelle, C. Lombard, C. Sullivan, T. Cunningham, and D. O’Reagan. 2003. Marula Commercialisation for Sustainable and Equitable Livelihoods. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods 13 (3), pp 203-215.

Laird, S.A. (editor)  2002. Biodiversity and Traditional Knowledge: Equitable Partnerships in Practice. A WWF/UNESCO/Kew People and Plants Manual. Earthscan, London. 504 pp.

Shanley, T., A. Pierce, S.A. Laird, and A. Guillen. 2002. Tapping the Green Market: The Management and Certification of Non-Timber Forest Products. Earthscan, London. 456 pp.

Laird, S.A. and K. ten Kate. 2002. Linking Biodiversity Prospecting and Forest Conservation. in Pagiola, S., J. Bishop, and N. Landell-Mills, Selling Forest Environmental Services: Market-based Mechanisms for Conservation. Earthscan, London. pp. 151-172.

ten Kate, K. and S.A. Laird. 2002. Implications of the CBD for Health and Biopharma. The United Nations University and Institute for New Technologies – Technology Policy Briefs. volume 1, issue 3, pp 10-12.

Laird, S.A. and A.R. Pierce. 2002. Strategies to Promote Sustainable and Ethical Raw Material Sourcing in the Botanicals Industry: Results from an Industry Survey. Medicinal Plant Conservation, Volume 8, 1 June 2002. IUCN Medicinal Plant Specialist Group. pp. 9-14.

Laird, S.A. & A.R. Pierce.  2002.  Promoting Sustainable and Ethical Botanicals: Strategies to Improve Commercial Raw Material Sourcing.  Rainforest Alliance, New York (available online at: www.rainforest-alliance.org/news/archives/news/news44.html).

Pierce, A.R., S.A. Laird & R. Malleson.  2002.  Annotated Collection of Guidelines, Standards, and Regulations for Trade in Non-Timber Forest Products and Botanicals. Rainforest Alliance, New York (available online at: www.rainforest-alliance.org/news/archives/news/news44.html).

Shackleton, S.E., Wynberg, R.P., Sullivan, C.A., Shackleton, C.M., Leakey, R.R.B., Mander, M., McHardy, T., den Adel, S., Botelle, A., du Plessis, P., Lombard, C., Laird, S.A., Cunningham, A.B., Combrinck, A. and O’Regan, D.P. 2002. Marula commercialisation for sustainable and equitable livelihoods: Synthesis of a southern African case study. 51pp.

Wynberg, R., Laird, S., Botha, J., den Adel, S. and McHardy, T. 2002. Policy Issues with Regard to the Management, Use and Commercialisation of Marula. DFID report. 62pp.

Laird, S.A., E. Egbe, and E. Lisinge. 2001. Non-Wood Forest Products in Central Africa: Exploring the Legal and Policy Framework within Cameroon. Proceedings of the Central African Regional Program for the Environment (CARPE) Non-Timber Forest Products in Central Africa: Research Results Workshop, 18-20 July 2000,  Limbe Botanic Garden, Cameroon.

Laird, S.A. and T.M. Mahop. 2001. The Limbe Botanic and Zoological Gardens Policy on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-Sharing. The Limbe Botanic Garden, South West Province, Cameroon.

Laird, S.A. 2001. The Convention on Biological Diversity: changing ethical and legal frameworks for biodiversity research and prospecting. Unasylva, Vol 52, Number 206. FAO, Rome.

Laird, S.A., A.B. Cunningham, and E.Lisinge. 2000.  One in ten thousand? The Cameroon Case of Ancistrocladus korupensis. in: C. Zerner (ed.) People , Plants and Justice :The Politics of Nature Conservation. Columbia University Press, New York.

Laird, S.A. 2000. Benefit-Sharing “Best Practice” in the Pharmaceutical and Botanical Medicine Industries. in: Svarstad, H. and S. S. Dhillion (eds), Responding to Bioprospecting:  From Plants in the South to Medicines in the North, Spartacus Forlag As, Oslo.

Laird, S.A.  2000. Conservation Challenges in the Botanical Medicine Industry. Rainforest Medical Bulletin, Vol. 7, no. 1, June 2000. The Netherlands.

ten Kate, K. and S.A. Laird. 2000. Biodiversity and business: coming to terms with the ‘grand bargain’. International Affairs, Vol. 76, No. 2, April 2000. The Royal Institute of International Affairs, London. 

Laird, S.A. 1999. The management of forests for timber and non-wood forest products in Central Africa. in: Sunderland, T and LE Clark (eds), Non-Wood Forest Products of Central Africa: Current Research Issues and Prospects for Conservation and Development, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. 

Laird, S.A. 1999. Forests, Culture, and Conservation. In: Posey, D.A. (ed) Cultural and Spiritual Values of Biodiversity, A Complementary Contribution to the Global Biodiversity Assessment, United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi.  [Reprinted or excerpted in:  Laird, S.A. 2001. Trees, Forests and Sacred Groves. The Overstory, #93. www.agroforester.co.   Laird, S.A. 2001. Trees, Forests and Sacred Groves. Asian Timber, Volume 20, Number 9. October 2001.]

ten Kate, K. and Laird, S. 1999. The business behind biodiversity, Seed Trade News, December 1999, pp. 28-30.

ten Kate, K. and S.A. Laird. 1999.The Commercial Use of Biodiversity: Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-Sharing. Earthscan, London. 398 pp.

Downes, D. and S.A. Laird. 1999. Innovative Mechanisms for Sharing Benefits of Biodiversity and Related Knowledge: Geographic Indications and Trademarks. UNCTAD, Switzerland.

Laird, S.A. and E.E. Lisinge. 1998. Benefit Sharing Case Studies from Cameroon: Ancistrocladus korupensis and Prunus africana. A UNEP contribution to the fourth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, May 1998.

Sheldon, J.W., M.J. Balick, and S.A. Laird. 1998. Is using medicinal plants compatible with conservation? Plant Talk. Issue No. 13, Aril 1998.

Laird, S.A. and R. Wynberg. 1997. Biodiversity Prospecting in South Africa: Towards the Development of Equitable Partnerships.  in: J. Mugabe, C. Barber, G. Henne, L. Glowka, and A. La Vina (eds.) Managing Access to Genetic Resources: Towards Strategies for Benefit-Sharing. African Centre for Technology Studies, Nairobi and World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C.

Sheldon, J., M. Balick, and S.A. Laird. 1997. Medicinal Plants: Can Utilization and Conservation Co-Exist? Advances in Economic Botany, Volume 12. New York: The New York Botanical Garden.

ten Kate, K. and S.A. Laird. 1997. Placing Access and Benefit Sharing in the Commercial Context: A Study of Private Sector Demand, Practices, and Perspectives. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the World Resources Institute. Paper presented at the SBSTTA, Convention on Biological Diversity, September 1997.

Iwu, M. M. and S.A. Laird. 1997. Health, Conservation, and Economic Development: The International  Cooperative Biodiversity Group "Drug Development and Biodiversity Conservation Program in Africa" - A Benefit-Sharing Plan. Published as part of Case Studies on Benefit Sharing Arrangements, Secretariat to the Convention on Biological Diversity, for the fourth meeting of the Conference of the Parties in Bratislava, Slovakia, May 1998.

Wynberg, Rachel and Sarah Laird. 1997. “The Scramble for Genes: Biodiversity Prospecting in South Africa”. Africa: Environment and Wildlife. Volume 5, no. 3.

Laird, S.A., C. Obialor, and E. Skinner. 1996. An Introductory Handbook To Cocoa Certification; a Feasibility Study and Regional Profile of West Africa. New York: Rainforest Alliance ECO-OK Program.

Laird, S.A. and T.C.H. Sunderland. 1996. The Over-lapping Uses of "Medicinal" Species in South West Cameroon: Implications for Forest Management. Paper presented at the Society of Economic Botany Annual Meeting, London, July 1996.

Laird, S.A. and R. Wynberg. 1996. Biodiversity Prospecting in South Africa: Towards the Development of Equitable Partnerships. A discussion paper prepared for the Land and Agriculture Policy Centre, Johannesburg.

Laird, S.A.,  T. Sunderland, M. Betafor, M. Enanga, C. Fominyam, M. Itoe, E. Litonga, J. Mafani, J, Menyoli, J. Meseke, W. Mukete, M. Motia, P. Ndumbe, J. Nkefor. J. Nning, N. Ndam, P. Tchouto, and M. Wana. 1996. 30 Medicinal Plants of the Limbe Botanic Garden. Limbe Botanic Garden, South West Province, Cameroon.

Balick, M., E. Elisabetsky, and S.A. Laird (eds.). 1996. Medicinal Resources of the Tropical Forest: Biodiversity and Its Importance to Human Health. Columbia University Press, New York.

Gollin, M. and S.A. Laird. 1996. Global Policies, Local Actions: The Role of National Legislation in Sustainable Biodiversity Prospecting. Boston University Journal of Science and Technology Law, 2, L.16.

Laird, S.A. 1995. The Natural Management of Tropical Forests for Timber and Non-Timber Products. Oxford Forestry Institute Occasional Paper Series, No. 49 Oxford University.

Laird, S.A. 1995. Access Controls for Genetic Resources. A WWF-International Discussion Paper, prepared for the WWF Support for the Implementation of the Biodiversity Convention Project, Gland, Switzerland.

Laird, S.A. 1995. Fair Deals in the Search for New Natural Products. A WWF International Discussion Paper produced under the People and Plants Initiative. Gland, Switzerland.

Laird, S.A. 1994. Research Agreements for Projects, Institutions, and Communities in Tropical Countries; Commercial Agreements for Biodiversity Prospecting; and Sustainable Sourcing of Raw Materials for Natural Products: Weighing the Benefits. Working Papers prepared for the WWF International People and Plants Initiative, and the WWF-UK Promotion of Ethnobotany and Sustainable Use of Plant Resources Project, Gland, Switzerland.

Laird, S.A. 1994. Natural Products and the Commercialization of Traditional Knowledge. in: T. Greaves (ed.) Intellectual Property Rights for Indigenous Peoples, A Sourcebook.  Society for Applied Anthropology, Oklahoma City. 

Laird, S.A. 1993. Contracts for Biodiversity Prospecting. in: W.V. Reid, S.A. Laird, C.A. Meyer, R. Gamez, A. Sittenfeld, D.H. Janzen, M.A. Gollin, and C. Juma (eds.) Biodiversity Prospecting: Using Genetic Resources for Sustainable Development. World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C.

Findeisen, C. and S.A. Laird. 1990. Natural Products Research and the Conservation of Tropical Forests. Paper prepared for the Rainforest Alliance's Periwinkle Project.