Alan Hamilton

Selected Publications



Hamilton, A.C. (1968).  Some plant fossils from Bukwa.  Uganda J. 32, 157-164.

Hamilton, A.C. (1969).  The vegetation of southwest Kigezi.  Uganda J. 33, 175-199.

Hamilton, A.C. (1972).  The interpretation of pollen diagrams from highland Uganda.  Palaeoecol. Afr. 7, 45-149.

Hamilton, A.C. (1973).  The history of the vegetation.  In Lind, E.M. and Morrison, M.E.S. East African vegetation, 188-209.  Longman, London (UK).

Hamilton, A.C. (1974).  Distribution patterns of forest trees in Uganda and their historical significance.  Vegetatio 29, 21-35. DOWNLOAD PDF.

Morrison, M.E.S. and Hamilton, A.C. (1974).  Vegetation and climate in the uplands of south-western Uganda during the Later Pleistocene Period, II: forest clearance and other vegetational changes in the Rukiga Highlands during the past 8000 years.  J. Ecol. 62, 1-31.

Hamilton, A.C. (1975).  A quantitative analysis of altitudinal zonation in Uganda forests.  Vegetatio 30, 99-106. DOWNLOAD PDF.

Hamilton, A.C. (1975).  The dispersal of forest tree species in Uganda during the Upper Pleistocene.  Boissiera 24, 29-32.

Hamilton, A.C. (1976).  The significance of patterns of distribution shown by forest plants and animals in tropical Africa for the reconstruction of upper Pleistocene palaeo-environments: a review.  Palaeoecol. Afr. 9, 63-97. DOWNLOAD PDF

Hamilton, A.C. (1976).  Identification of East African Urticales pollen.  Pollen Spores 18, 27-66.

Hamilton, A.C. (1977).  An Upper Pleistocene pollen diagram from highland Ethiopia.  Abstracts X INQUA Congress, Birmingham 1977, 193.

Hamilton, A.C. and Perrott, R.A. (1978).  Date of deglacierisation of Mount Elgon.  Nature 273, 49.

Hamilton, A.C. and Perrott, R.A. (1979).  Aspects of the glaciation of Mt. Elgon, East Africa.  Palaeoecol. Afr. 11, 153-161. DOWNLOAD PDF.

Carter, R.W.G., Hamilton, A.C. and Meadows, M. (1979).  Post-depositional deformation of glacial lake sediments by a readvancing glacier: an example from Killyverry, Co. Donegal.  Ir. Nat. J. 19, 322.

Diamond, A.W. and Hamilton, A.C. (1980).  The distribution of forest passerine birds and Quaternary climatic change in tropical Africa.  J. Zool. Lond. 191, 379-402. DOWNLOAD PDF.

Hamilton, A.C. and Perrott, R.A. (1980).  Modern pollen deposition on a tropical African mountain.  Pollen Spores 22, 437-468.

Hamilton, A.C. (1981).  The Quaternary history of African forests: its relevance to conservation.  Afr. J. Ecol. 19, 1-6.

Carter, R.W.G., Hamilton, A.C. and Lowry, P. (1981).  The ecology and present status of Otanthus maritimus on the gravel barrier at Lady's Island, Co. Wexford.  Ir. Nat. J. 20, 329-331.

Hamilton, A.C. and Perrott, R.A. (1981).  A study of altitudinal zonation in the Montane Forest Belt of Mt. Elgon, East Africa.  Vegetatio 45, 107-125.

Hamilton, A.C. (1981).  A field guide to Uganda forest trees.  Priv. Publ., Kampala.  289 pp.

Hamilton, A.C. (1982).  Environmental history of East Africa: a study of the Quaternary.  Academic Press, London (UK) and New York (USA).  328 pp.

Hamilton, A.C. (1982).  Peatland.  In Cruickshank, J.G. and Wilcock, D.N. (eds) Northern Ireland: environment and natural resources, 185-206.  Queen's University, Belfast and New University of Ulster, Coleraine (UK).

Hamilton, A.C. and Carter, R.W.G. (1983).  A mid-Holocene moss bed from eolian dunes near Articlave, Co. Londonderry.  Ir. Nat. J. 21, 73-75.

Thompson, K. and Hamilton, A.C. (1983).  Peatland and swamps of the African continent.  In Gore, A.J.P. (ed.) Mires: swamp, bog, fen and moor, B: regional studies, 331-373.  Elsevier, Amsterdam (The Netherlands).

Hamilton, A.C. (1984).  Deforestation in Uganda.  Oxford University Press, Nairobi (Kenya).  95 pp.

Hamilton, A.C., Bannon, D., Monk, M.A. and Pals, J.P. (1985).  The botanical remains.  In Woodman, P.C. Excavations at Mount Sandel 1973-77, 77-81.  Department of the Environment, Northern Ireland and H.M.S.O., Belfast (UK).

Hamilton, A.C. (1985).  Aspects of the environment of the Mesolithic site.  In Woodman, P.C. Excavations at Mount Sandel 1973-77, 105-109.  Department of the Environment, Northern Ireland and H.M.S.O., Belfast (UK).

Hamilton, A.C., Dalzell, L.R., Lenehan, B.P. and McDonagh, B.J. (1985).  A palynological investigation of kettle-hole sediments at Mount Sandel.  In Woodman, P.C. Excavations at Mount Sandel 1973-77, 185-192.  Department of the Environment, Northern Ireland and H.M.S.O., Belfast (UK).

Bonnefille, R. and Hamilton, A.C. (1986).  Quaternary and Late Tertiary history of Ethiopian vegetation.  Symb. Bot. Ups. 26, 48-63.

Hamilton, A.C., Magowan, W. and Taylor, D. (1986).  Use of the Bartington Meter to determine the magnetic susceptibility of organic-rich sediments from western Uganda.  Physics Earth Planetary Interiors 42, 5-9.

Hamilton, A.C., Taylor, D. and Vogel, J.C. (1986).  Early forest clearance and environmental degradation in south-west Uganda.  Nature 320, 164-167.

Hamilton, A.C. and Taylor, D. (1986).  Mire sediments in East Africa.  In Frostick et al. (eds) Sedimentation in the African Rifts.  Geological Soc. Special Publ. 25, 211-217.

Taylor, D. and Hamilton A.C. (1987).  Reply to letter in Nature by R.A. Perrott.  Nature 325, 90.

Hamilton, A.C. (1987).  Vegetation and climate of Mt Elgon during the late Pleistocene and Holocene.  Palaeoecol. Afr. 18, 283-304.

Hamilton, A.C. (1987).  TWINSPAN classification of the East Usambara forests.  In East Usambara Mountains, 28-29.  Amani Forest Inventory and Management Plan Project.  Finnish National Board of Survey, Helsinki (Finland).

Hamilton, A.C. (1988).  Guenon evolution and forest history.  In Gautier-Hion, A., Bourlière, F. and Kingdon, J. (eds) A primate radiation: evolutionary history of the African guenons, 13-34.  Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (UK).

Hamilton, A.C. (1989).  African forests.  In Lieth, H. and Werger, M.J.A. (eds) Tropical rain forest ecosystems, B: biogeographical and ecological studies, 155-182.  Elsevier, Amsterdam (The Netherlands).

Hamilton, A.C., Taylor, D. and Vogel, J.C. (1989).  Neolithic forest clearance at Ahakagyezi, western Uganda.  In Mahaney, W.C. (ed.) Quaternary and environmental research on East African mountains, 435-463.  Balkema, Rotterdam (The Netherlands).

Hamilton, A.C. and Bensted Smith, R. (eds) (1989).  Conservation in the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania.  IUCN, Gland (Switzerland) and Cambridge (UK).  392 pp.

Bonnefille, R., Hamilton, A.C., Linder, H.P. and Riollet, G. (1990).  30,000-year-old Restionaceae pollen from Central Equatorial Africa and its biogeographical significance.  J. Biogeog. 17, 307-314.

Hamilton, A.C., Baranga, J. and Tindigarukayo, J. (1990). Proposed Bwindi (Impenetrable) National Park: results of a public inquiry and recommendations for establishment. Uganda National Parks, Kampala. 56 pp.

Hamilton, A.C. (1991). Conservation of medicinal and other useful plants.  Bulletin de la Société Industrielle de Mulhouse No. 4/1990 819, 19-24.

Large, A.R.G. and Hamilton, A.C. (1991).  The distribution, extent and causes of peat loss in central and northwest Ireland.  Applied Geography 22, 309-326.

Hamilton, A.C. and Taylor, D. (1991).  History of climate and forests in tropical Africa during the last 8 million years.  Climatic Change 19, 65-78. DOWNLOAD PDF.

Hamilton, A.C. (1992).  History of forests and climate.  In Sayer, J.A., Harcourt, C.S. and Collins, N.M. (eds) Conservation atlas of tropical forests - Africa, 17-29.  MacMillan Publishers Ltd (UK).

Hamilton, A.C. and Taylor, D.M. (1992).  A new species of Restio from Malawi: further evidence regarding the palaeoclimatic significance of Restionaceae pollen from central Africa.  Palaeoecol. Afr. 23, 205-206

Hamilton, A.C. and Taylor, D.M. (1992).  Late Quaternary mire sediments in tropical Africa: opportunities for further palynological studies.  Palaeoecol. Afr. 23, 207-211.

Hamilton, A.C. (1992).  International trade in medicinal plants: conservation issues and potential roles for botanic gardens.  Proc. Botanic Gardens Conservation Congress, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1992.  Botanic Gardens Conservation International, Richmond (UK).

Hamilton, A.C. (1993).  Conservation and medicinal plants: present utilization and future products.  Acta Horticulturae 330, 43-49.

Walters, M. and Hamilton, A.C. (1993).  The vital wealth of plants: WWF and the conservation of plants.  WWF, Gland (Switzerland).  49 pp.

Binggeli, P. and Hamilton, A.C. (1993).  Biological invasion by Maesopsis eminii in the East Usambara forests, Tanzania.  Opera Botanica 121, 229-235. DOWNLOAD PDF.

Davis, S.D., Heywood, V.H. and Hamilton, A.C. (eds). (1994).  Centres of plant diversity - volume 1: Europe, Africa, South West Asia and the Middle East.  WWF and IUCN.  IUCN Publications Unit, Cambridge (UK).  354 pp.

Davis, S.D., Heywood, V.H. and Hamilton, A.C. (eds). (1995).  Centres of plant diversity - volume 2: Asia, Australia and the Pacific.  WWF and IUCN.  IUCN Publications Unit, Cambridge (UK).  578 pp.

Davis, S.D., Heywood, V.H., Herrera-MacBryde, O., Villa-Lobos, J. and Hamilton, A.C. (eds) (1995).  Centres of plant diversity - volume 3: the Americas.  WWF and IUCN.  IUCN Publications Unit, Cambridge (UK).  562 pp.

Hamilton, A.C. (1996).  Bwindi-Impenetrable National Park: case-study of application of ethnobotany to conservation.  In Shinwari, Z.K., Khan, B.A. and Khan, A.A. (eds) Ethnobotany and its application to conservation, 168-170.  Proc. 1st Training Workshop, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad, Sept. 16-24, 1996.

Taylor, D.M., Hamilton, A.C., Whyatt, J.D., Mucunguzi, G. and Bukenya-Ziraba, R. (1996).  Stand dynamics in Mpanga Research Forest Reserve, Uganda, 1968-1993.  J. Trop. Ecol. 12, 583-597.

Marchant, R., Taylor, D. and Hamilton, A.C. (1997).  Late Pleistocene and Holocene history at Mubwindi Swamp, Southwest Uganda.  Quaternary Research 47, 316-328.

Jolly, D., Taylor, D., Marchant, R., Hamilton, A., Bonnefille, R., Buchet, G. and Riollet, G. (1997).  Vegetation dynamics in central Africa since 18,000 yr BP: pollen records from the interlacustrine highlands of Burundi, Rwanda and western Uganda.  J. Biogeography 24, 495-512.

Hamilton, A.C. (1997).  Threats to plants: an analysis of Centres of Plant Diversity.  In Touchell, D.H. & Dixon, K.W. (eds) Conservation into the 21st Century, 309-322.  Proc. Int. Botanic Gardens Conservation Congress (4th: 1995: Perth, W.A.).  Kings Park and Botanic Garden, Perth (Australia).

Hamilton, A.C. (1998).  Vegetation, climate and soil: altitudinal relationships on the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. Journal of East African Natural History 87, 1-5.

Hamilton, A., Cunningham, A., Byarugaba, D. and Kayanja, F. (2000). Conservation in a region of political instability. Conservation Biology 14, 1722-1725. DOWNLOAD PDF.

Marchant, R., Taylor, D. and Hamilton, A. (2000). Late Holocene fluctuations in the composition of montane forest in the Rukiga Highlands, Central Africa: a regional reconstruction. In Bailey, G., Ruth, C. & Winder, N. Human ecodynamics, 70-79. Proc. Association for Environmental Archaeology Conference 1998, University of Newcastle upon Tyne. Oxbow Books, Oxford (UK).

Hamilton, A., Taylor, D. and Howard, P. (2001). Hotspots in African forests as Quaternary refugia. In Weber, William, White, Lee J., Vedder, Amy & Naughton-Treves, Lisa African rain forest ecology and conservation, 57-67. Yale University Press.

Hamilton, A.C. (2002). Is fern conservation in the tropics possible? Fern Gazette 16 (6), 413-416.

Hamilton, A., Pei Shengji, Kessy, K, Khan, A.A, Lagos-Witte, S. and Shinwari, Z.K. (2003). The purposes and teaching of applied ethnobotany. People and Plants Working Paper, no. 11. WWF-UK, Godalming. DOWNLOAD PDF.

Hamilton, Alan C. (2004). Medicinal plants, conservation and livelihoods. Biodiversity and Conservation 13, 1477-1517. 

Binggeli, Pierre, Hall, J.B., Healey, John R. and Hamilton, Alan C. (2004) Indicators and tools for restoration and sustainable management of forests in East Africa. I-TOO Working Paper no. 14.

Tallents, Lucy A., Lovett, Jon C. and Hamilton, Alan C. (2005). Phylogenetic diversity of forest trees in the Usambara mountains of Tanzania: correlations with altitude. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 148. DOWNLOAD PDF.

Hamilton, Alan (2005). An overview of medicinal plant conservation. In Thomas, Y., Karki, M., Gurung, K. and Parajuli, D. Himalayan medicinal and aromatic plants, balancing use and conservation, 109-150. His Majesty’s Government of Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation. Kathmandu, Nepal.

Hamilton, Alan (2006). Safeguarding the medicinal plants of Ladakh. Plantlife, Spring 2006, 17.

Hamilton, Alan, Dürbeck, Klaus and Lawrence, Anna (2006). Towards a sustainable herbal harvest. Plant Talk 43, 32-35.

Rudge, Jonathan and Hamilton, Alan (2006). Developing organic certification for more sustainable harvesting of wild medicinal plants. Paper prepared for the 1st IFOAM Conference on Organic Wild Production. Teslić, Bosnia, 3-4 May 2006.

Hamilton, Alan and Hamilton, Patrick (2006). Plant conservation: an ecosystem approach. Earthscan, London. 324 pp.

Hamilton, Alan (2007). Could ecosystem thinking give plants a boost? Plantlife 49, 12-13.

Hamilton, Alan (ed.) (2008). Medicinal plants in conservation and development: case studies and lessons learnt. Plantlife International, Salisbury. 85 pp.

Taylor, D., Hamilton, A.C., Lewis, S.L. and Nantale, G. (2008) Thirty-eight years of change in a tropical forest: plot data from Mpanga Forest Reserve, Uganda. African Journal of Ecology 46, 655-667.

Simon L. Lewis, Gabriela Lopez-Gonzalez, Bonaventure Sonké, Kofi Affum-Baffoe, Timothy R. Baker, Lucas O. Ojo, Oliver L. Phillips, Jan M. Reitsma, Lee White, James A. Comiskey, Marie-Noël Djuikouo K, Corneille E. N. Ewango, Ted R. Feldpausch, Alan C. Hamilton, Manuel Gloor, Terese Hart, Annette Hladik, Jon Lloyd, Jon C. Lovett, Jean-Remy Makana, Yadvinder Malhi, Frank M. Mbago, Henry J. Ndangalasi, Julie Peacock, Kelvin S.-H. Peh, Douglas Sheil, Terry Sunderland, Michael D. Swaine, James Taplin, David Taylor, Sean C. Thomas, Raymond Votere & Hannsjörg Wöll   (2009). Increasing carbon storage in intact African tropical forests. Nature 457, 1003-1006. DOWNLOAD PDF.

Huai Huyin and Alan Hamilton (2009). Characteristics and functions of traditional homegardens: a review. Front. Biol. China 4, 151-157. DOWNLOAD PDF.

Pei Shengji, Huai Huyin, Hamilton, Alan and Hamilton, Patrick (2009). Plant Resource Conservation. China Environmental Science and Techology Press, Beijing. 312 pp.

Hamilton, Alan (2009). Plantlife’s case studies of community conservation. In Denzil Phillips International Plants, People and Nature, 167-174. AAMPS Publishing, Port Louis, Mauritius.

Pei Shengji, Alan C. Hamilton, Yang Lixin, Huai Huyin, Yang Zhiwei, Gao Fu and Zhang Quangxin1 (2010). Conservation and development through medicinal plants: a case study from Ludian (Northwest Yunnan, China) and presentation of a general model. Biodiversity and Conservation 19, 2619-2636. DOWNLOAD PDF.

Hamilton, A.C. (2011). An evidence-based approach to conservation through medicinal plants. Medicinal Plant Conservation 14, 2-7.

Hamilton, Alan, Pei Shengji, Huai Huyin and Seona Anderson (2012). Why and how to make plant conservation ecosystem-based. Sustainable Agriculture Research 1 (1), 48- 54. DOWNLOAD PDF.

Lewis, S.L. et al. (2013). Above-ground biomass and structure of 260 African tropical forests. Phil Trans R Soc B 368: 20120295.

Hamilton, Alan and Aumeeruddy-Thomas, Yildiz (2013). Maintaining resources for traditional medicine: a global overview and a case study from Buganda (Uganda). Plant Diversity and Resources 35, 407-423. DOWNLOAD PDF.

Hamilton, Alan (2013). New developments in plant conservation and the relevance of ethnobotany. Plant Diversity and Resources 35, 424-430. DOWNLOAD PDF

Yang, L. (2014). Comparative homegarden medical ethnobotany of Naxi healers and farmers in Northwestern Yunnan, China. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 10:6. DOWNLOAD PDF.